Throughout us a world of self inflicted damage

Throughout the novel we get a vivid expanse of the characters and themes in Farewell to Arms. One inquiry that may surface is the question if Hemingway as a writer is he a pessimist or a realist. This is an opinionated subject based on how you read and interpret the story and the themes that you become immersed in. It is evident that Hemingway is writing in a pessimistic manner. This is shown through the events that the character endure, the character make up themselves, and the drab tone that is evident throughout the whole novel.   By definition a pessimist is one tending to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen. Representing this tone is down by over exaggerating events in the eyes of the characters and making it so that some of their reactions seem too excessive or cliche in the way that you would see it in a sad movie. The best way this idea is exemplified is by the war itself, an ultimately futile struggle that results in no winners. There is no logical reason behind all the lives that were taken. Supporting this idea is that throughout the vivid and horrific events explained in the book and known to the common person, the thing cherished most is lost in this war, love. The ability to love seems to disappear as the events are ingrained in the feeble minds of men. Corrupting them to the point of developing a lack of the ability for compassion, to the point of empathy. This novel directly describes events and people in the war, and shows the damaging of war for mankind through the description of Henry and Catherine especially. Similar to the hero,  Hemingway himself was part of the Italian army and received an injury to his leg. He experienced personally the cruelty of the war, and he hopelessly returned home. Through his life he developed a pessimistic view towards life for a long time He was very much so changed by the war. He saw the society, he returned, to as one whose value seemed artificial and irrelevant. To begin with, in A Farewell to Arms, Hemingway presents us a world of self inflicted damage and chaos, of pain and destruction, and of inhimanity. Such a world produces a disillusion society, a tragic world. The ending of the novel,with the death of the catherine  and her child  in the hospital and frederick`s  lonely return to his hotel room, clearly gives a pessimistic outlook to the novel.Technically, most of the big events or scenes in the novel are playing symbolic function in the novel. When reading this book you can see how Hemingway personally relates by implementing his personal physical and mental damage that he and the whole generation received. With this idea is shows how deeply these tragedies actually affect you. This novel is very much so based on the actual events that the author himself witnessed whilst he was in the military. Making it seem that much more realistic and easier to relate to. “But we were never lonely and never afraid when we were together. I knowthat the night is not the same as the day: that all things are different, that thethings of the night cannot be explained in the day, because they do not thenexist, and the night can be a dreadful time for lonely people once their loneliness has started. But with Catherine there was almost no difference in thenight except that it was an even better time. If people bring so much courage tothis world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them.The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kill. It kills the very good and the very gentleand the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry. ” ” A Farewell To Arms ” Chapter # 34 In this i think it best displays the pessimism of the whole book. The scene towards the end in which Frederick must walk back by himself because he has lost his love and his child. The rai  adds in that extra touch that takes this book onto the pessimistic side of the scale. Taking that extra step and having the reading become so dark and dreary makes it so that this is a pessimistic writing

Written by