Scope and Applications
The basic on which Neuromorphic chip is built is to replicate and morphing
human brain neural network. Neurons in brain are connected with synapse and
each neuron has a layer of myelin which help in transferring of information at
fast rate. The ultimate aim of neuromorphic chip is to build artificial neural
system which has fundamental characteristics of human brain.
The idea of mimicking the basic properties of nervous system is that if we can
comprehensively replicate a brain neural network on silica the learning behaviour
will emerge subsequently.
Below image explains how this technology can morph human retina for sophisticated
visual advancements in detecting multiple objects in visual field.
Neuromorphic systems which are in operation currently:
1 – IBM’s TrueNorth
2 – The SpiNNaker
3 – The BrainScaleS
Interaction with intelligent machines will change fundamentally with
neuromorphic computing. How?
Some of the applications include smartphone sensors, robots, smart cars or
olfactory detection. In essence this technology could be final step in building
smart machines which can learn, reason, remember. Even this could help humans
take better decisions.
1 – Health issues – Brain like
computes could be used in therapeutic procedures, help create artificial
retina, impact medical imaging.
2 – Surveillance – Enhancement of surveillance
could be the next big thing that could be enhanced like never before with the
help of intelligent cameras equipped with video analysis capabilities
3 – Economy – NMC could help analyses
huge data of financial market to help financial forecasting. NMC can be used in
4 – Environment – Monitoring weather
in an efficient way. Could also improve data mining and pattern dramatically
with the help of pattern recognition system to monitor biosphere processes.
5 – Military and security – NMC has
immense application in drone equipped with human brain like chip which can
learn and recognize sites and objects previously visited even if there is
alteration in the site. NMC robots can be sent to combat zones where they can
decide and act and take course of action independently.