S.NO 6. Security sector 7. Waste management sector

S.NO                           TOPIC                                  PAGE NO

1.
                           PREFACE                                      4

2.
                  AKNOWLEDGEMENT                        5

3.
         WHAT
IS SPACE SETTLEMENT?             7

4.
                          LOCATION                                     8

5.
                          STRUCTURE                                  9

6.
                MATERIALS REQUIRED                     12

7.
                               PHASES                                    13

8.
                           SYMMETRY                                 15

9.
                          TIME PERIOD                              16

10.                
           ARTIFICIAL GRAVITY                      16

11.                
                  THRUSTERS 
                               18

12.                
        USAGE OF SETTLEMENT                   19

13.                
           INTERIOR DESIGN                            20

14.                
                    DOCKING 
                                   21

15.                
                   RESIDENCIES                              22

16.                
                AGRICULTURE                               23  

17.                
            WATER
STORAGE                             24    

18.                
                 INDUSTRIES  
                                25

19.                
                   SECURITY                                      27

20.                
         WASTE
MANAGEMENT                       28

21.                
            FIRE PROTECTION                             29

22.                
                ELECTRICITY                                   30

23.                
                 TRANSPORT                                    31

24.                
                  HOSPITALS                                     34

25.                
                   COOKING                                        36

26.                
                   DEFENCE                                        37

27.                
                 EDUCATION                                     38

28.                
                  LIFE STYLE                                    39

29.                
         OXYGEN PRODUCTION                       40

30.                
          WATER
PRODUCTION                        42

31.                
                   ASSEMBLY                                     43

32.                
                   BUSINESS                                       45

33.                
                 ECONOMICS                                     45

34.                
  POPULATION
OF SETTLEMENT               46

35.                
            BIBLIOGRAPHY                                    46

 

 

 

 

Under the guidance of:

Naveen Sir;
physics

M.SC
Physics,   B.ED

Jagan
Sir; physics

M.S

 

 

 

PREFACE

 

UTOPIA SETTLEMENT

PROJECT BY

1.            
    UPANSHU.C                                         VII/A

2.            
    HAREEN.CH                                        VII/A

3.            
    ABHINAYA.K                                      VII/A

4.            
    SRI RAMYA.CH                                  VIII/A

5.            
    PRANEETHANJANEE.K                  VIII/A

6.            
    TRIVANI.D                                          
IX/B

7.            
    PRANITHAVYA.M                             IX/B

 

The name which we chose for our
project is UTOPIA SETTLEMENT. The settlement
also has many advanced features which will be discussed later. Our settlement
has a complete spherical shape .It has many lasers which help in security. It
also has many solar panels around the settlement which gives much security and
energy for our settlement. It also has a docking sector which is in the middle
of our settlement. The settlement also contains some more sectors.

1. 
Residential sector

2. 
Docking sector

3. 
Agricultural sector

4. 
Water management
sector

5. 
Industrial sector

6. 
Security sector

7. 
Waste management
sector

These 7 sectors will be built in
a big sphere.

Each sector will have its own
style.

 

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

A place with no vegetation, atmosphere, air and no
inhabitation is called space.

NASA- National
Aeronautics and Space Administration    of U.S.A manages space related programmers ;
example : manages satellites, space stations, rockets , rovers etc .Every year
it conducts many programmers  to bring
out the talent of students regarding space ; We thank NASA a lot for  giving us such a golden opportunity for
proving ourselves. How a man construct colony in space cans is the key motto of
the contest NASA AMES SPACE SETTLEMENT. We thank our Principal Jyothirmayee Madam, Dean Ravi Kiran
Sir, Academic Dean Naveen Sir, Physics Jagan Sir, Computer Expert Mahalaxmi Madam.

 

 

WHAT IS  A SPACE

SETTLEMENT?

 

A Space settlement
is nothing but making a space colony on orbit of a planet for human beings to
live in.

The earth is insufficient for the growing population so,
some people must be sent to this settlement .Global warming and green house
effect may be other reasons for construction of this settlement.

 

LOCATION

The
location of our settlement is in the orbit of Mars. Mars has climate which is
similar to that of earth .so formation of climate is possible in this
settlement. We selected mars orbit because it contains water in frozen state.
So in our point of view mars orbit is the best place for constructing the
settlement.

 

STRUCTURE

Compared to earth
space has more pressure. So to bare the pressure we need a curved shape. Sphere
has more curved surface than any other shape. So we planned to make the
settlement in a spherical shape. Sphere can sustain much pressure because of
its curvature. Sphere has many lines of symmetry so it is suitable for space.
For the production of artificial gravity (centrifugal force) an object needs to
be rotated. Sphere can be rotated easily.

 

SIDE
VIEW

 

TOP VIEW

BOTTOM VIEW

DEFENCE

 

MATERIALS REQUIRED

ALUMINIUM

POTASSIUM

TITANIUM

 

Aluminum and
titanium can be used for metal required construction. Potassium can be used for
insulation and air tight.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHASES

 

PHASE-1:
 Constructing the sphere.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHASE-2:  Make
the sphere move in the orbit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHASE-3:   constructing the inner colony.

SYMMETRY

 

Symmetry is
required for the objects in space. Our settlement has an infinite lines of
symmetry .We can draw a line of symmetry in any direction.  

 

 

 

TIME PERIOD

PHASE-1    It
must take less than 2 years.

PHASE-2    It
takes approximately 5 to 6 days.

PHASE-3    It
takes approximately 8 to 9 years.

 

 

ARTIFICIAL GRAVITY

 

Centrifugal force
is being used in the project because we are going to constructing the settlement
in a sphere. Sphere can be rotated easily and it has evenly distributed surface
area. The formula which is used is.

Area of circle which we have decided is 2650000 m3

2886m3

=94.84

 

 

 

 

 

THRUSTERS

Thrusters are very
useful for us to move the settlement in the space. The settlement has to be moved
because it should not crash with the mars.

 

 

USAGE OF SETTLEMENT

1. 
 Residential:- 40%×2650000=40/100 ×2650000

=1060000m3        

2. 
Agriculture:- 30%×2650000=30/100×2650000

=795000m3

3. 
Water storage:- 15%×2650000=15/100×265000

=397500m3

4. 
Industries:- 3%×2650000=3/100×2650000

=795000m3

5. 
Waste management:- 5%×2650000=5/100×2650000

=132500m3

6. 
Security:-5%×2650000=5/100×2650000

=132500m3

7. 
 Docking:-2%×2650000=2/100×2650000

=53000m3

 

 

 

INTERIOR DESIGN

There are 6 sectors
divided into residencies, agriculture, waste recycling, water storage, security
and industries. 

 

 

 

 

DOCKING

Docking is the very
important sector in our settlement. The docking sector will be in the middle of
the settlement because it has to control the whole settlement.

 

 

 

RESIDENCIES

There are villas,
houses and normal apartments. There are 1 BHK, 2BHK, 3BHK, apartments. 2 BHK
houses are 1111sqfts, 1BHK houses are 1000sqft, and 3BHK houses are 12000sqfts.
There are large rooms. People can live happily.

 

 

 

 

AGRICULTURE

Agriculture is
important for human beings to survive.

It provides us
food. Food is essential to lead a life. Plants are planted in soil brought from
earth. The water recycled in the wastage unit is supplied by pipes. The manure
from recycling section is also used. The plants require sunlight for
photosynthesis. The sunlight is prepared artificially with the neon light. Neon
light is prepared by the tube lights.  

 

  

 

 

WATER STORAGE

 

Water is the
essential thing for a living organism. Our project gets water from the moon
craters, asteroids and neutralization. Drinking water is obtained by reverse
osmosis purifiers. The water is recycled in waste management.

 

 

INDUSTRIES

 

Industries are the
being used extensively used in the earth. In our settlement we have used some
industries in our settlement. The industries which we use should be very
modern. There are approximately 7 to 8 industries in our settlement. We have to
use very less industries as we have to use many people in the settlement. The
industries are used for clothing, food manufacturing, etc.

 

 

 

SECURITY

 

 

Robots have metal
scanners which can scan from far away distances. It can also fire bullets in
case of emergency.

 

 

 

WASTE MANAGEMENT

 

Liquid waste is
purified in the waste management sector. It uses the process which is used in
earth. The liquid is then again purified by reverse osmosis purifiers. Solid
waste is made into manure and used in the agricultural sector. Metal and
plastic waste is recycled.

FIRE PROTECTION

As water is less in
the settlement we used the fire extinguisher in the settlement. The robots in
our settlement have fire extinguishers co2 tanks in their mouth so
that in emergency they can use it very rapidly. Carbon dioxide is used to
extinguish electric fires.

 

 

ELECTRICITY

Power is the main source of energy in the settlement. To get
power in bikes, trucks and cars we use solar energy. Solar energy is used
because there is direct contact with

 Solar energy is used
because there is direct contact with the
sun.

 

 

TRANSPORT

There are bikes and cars operated by battery. To reduce
pollution there is no use of fuel consumption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOSPITALS

 

The hospitals in
the settlement are very modern. There are robots which will operate the
patients. The inside of the hospitals are also very modern.

 

 

COOKING

We will use
induction stoves, ovens, cookers, etc. we will use this because to reduce fire
accidents. In our settlement we decided to reduce the fire accidents. So we
thought to use these fire free devices.

   

DEFENCE

In space defense is
the main problem. As meteorites and asteroids keep on moving. There is a chance
to be hit by the asteroids and meteorites. So, we have lasers to shoot
asteroids and protect our settlement.

 

EDUCATION

Education helps the
people to become wise and smart. It also helps the people to achieve their goals.
Education in the settlement is very unique and different. The robots help the
teachers to teach and students to understand well and learn very easily.

      

 

 

 

 

LIFE STYLE

Life style of the settlement is
also very unique. They wear modern clothes. They also use digital clothes. The
clothes are manufacture in the industries.

 

 

 

PRODUCING OXYGEN

Production
of oxygen is a tough task. It is prepared from the electrolysis and some formulas.
Those formulas are,

H2O (l)
? H2 (g) + 1/2 O2 (g)

CO2 (g)
? CO (g) + 1/2 O­2 (g)

2CO2 (g)
? 2CO (g) + O2 (g)

CO2 (g)
+2H2 (g) ? CH4 (g) + O2 (g)

FORMULA
FOR ELECTROLOSIS:-

2H2O ?
2H2 + O­2

The oxygen used up by
humans is converted into carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is used by the
plants in the process of photosynthesis. In the process we will also obtain
oxygen. Like this the oxygen and carbon dioxide are reused every time.

 

 

FORMATION OF WATER

Water is the essential compound
required for living organism. Water is prepared from the breakage of asteroids
and a large amount of water is obtained by the mars as it contains large amount
of frozen water. There are also some formulas,

CO2 (g)
+ 4H2O (g) ? CH4 (g) +2H2O (g) + Energy

2H2O (g)
? 2H2O (l)

CO2 (g)
+ 2H2 (g) + Energy ?CH4 (g) + O2 (g)

CH4 (g)
+ 2O2 ? CO2 (g) + 2H2O (g)

CO2 (g)
+ H2 (g) ?CO (g) + H2O (g)

CO2 + 2H2
? CO + H2O

The water is then recycled
and cleaned. Drinking water is obtained by R.O purifiers.

ASSEMBLY

The
legestrative assembly or the government is much important for us. The use of
government is to ensure the correct ruling in the settlement. There is a
supreme court in the residencies sector. The Supreme Court has all the powers
in its hand. It ensures the main and big problems of the people. There is also
a normal court which solves the problems which the police cannot solve. A
person can go to the normal court without any resections, but cannot go into
the Supreme Court. The police are very strict in the settlement. They check
each and every person who comes into the settlement. 

 

 

BUSINESS

Business
is the main source of income for people. Business man can establish their
company in the residential sector. The business men who want to do most
important industrialization can take the permission from the Supreme Court and
can establish their company. The people who cannot effort establishing a
company can work in the company of other people.

 

 

 

ECONOMICS

 

Economics
in our settlement is very different. We use a cashless and digital way to do
transactions. There is no chance of accepting money. If a police finds money in
any citizens home he has a right to cease the currency.

 

 

POPULATION OF SETTLEMENT

 

I
our settlement we choose a maximum value of 50,000 people. The people can
increase and decrease up to 200-300. The visitors who come will have separate
rooms. They are allowed for a small time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

All images are taken from”GOOGLE”. The pictures
of settlement are designed by our own

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