Refugees as shelters, poor water supply, health care

Refugees are, whose flee their homes due to civil strife or natural disasters. They face anuncertain future in refugee camps .An unprecedented 65.6 million people around the worldhave been forced from home .Their condition on arrival can vary dramatically, depending ontheir state before they left home and the distance travelled .Their initial experiencing of thecamps life are confusing and bewildering. At the same time they are exposed to lots ofproblems such as shelters, poor water supply, health care and frequently non-existent sanitationfacilities. Refugees camps have sprouted up and overcrowded faster then ever .For thosedisplaced inside such camps concerns like the spread of disease, access to basic needs andsurvival have consumed daily life. According to a report by the UNHCR efforts to protectrefugee woman have been largely unsuccessful with humanitarian workers often beingunfamiliar women facing rape, sexual violence and domestic abuse. Concern for menstruationsanitation materials is often overlooked entirely in refugee camps, as it does not fall into theprimary needs of refugees for most aid agencies.Disease trends remain relatively stable. Fever of unexplained origin was the most common typeof disease reported in the latest reports from partners (29%), followed by acute respiratoryinfections (27%). According to EWARS, a total of 611 suspected cases of measles have beenreported between 1 September and 11 November 2017. Of these, 76 cases have been tested and68 were confirmed measles. To date, two measles-related deaths have been reported. In addition,there have now been 3 suspected diphtheria cases reported, of which 1 sample has been sent fortesting (result pending) and the other two were lost to follow up. Investigations are also ongoingfor 2 suspected tetanus cases and reports of acute jaundice, severe a acute malnutrition are also.Newborns are especially vulnerable to disease, as their bodies aren’t able to cope with even themost simple infections, so there’s a real risk, if babies get any kind of water-borne disease ordiarrhea , they can suffer from malnutrition,”Approximately 170 health care facilities are known to be operating across all camps andsettlements. However, many of these facilities provide a basic level of services and referrals foradditional services within camps and outside of the camps remains a challenge. From 8November to 14 November 2017, WHO, UNFPA, IOM, UNHCR and REACH Initiativeconducted a rapid service availability mapping of health care facilities in Refugee camps andsettlements, using an assessment tool developed in consultation with health sector partners. Finalresults from the survey informed a gap analysis to identify zones with over and under supply ofhealth facilities. WHO finalized a procedure for health facility land allocation in the previouslyuninhabited camp zones, and is reviewing expressions of interest from numerous partners toensure rational distribution of servicesIn response to the significant increase in measles cases, WHO, MOHFW and partners rapidlyinitiated a measles mop up campaign targeting 336 943 children under 15 for MR vaccination. Inview of the urgency of the situation, the campaign started 18th November. To date, four-daysinto the campaign, 153 765 people have been vaccinated through both static sites and outreach,Rcommendation:1. Rohingya Crisis program includes rice distribution, medical aid, shelter construction as well asproviding animals, seeds & fertilizer to help establish a more sustainable food supply. Donatetoday to the Rohingya Muslims of Myanmar Burma and help us provide life-saving relief tothese vulnerable children and families.2. Ahead of the move, UNHCR developed a site plan for the hilly area and started buildinglatrines and digging tube wells.3. Supply refugee households with safe food storage equipment to prevent infestations and food-borne illnesses;4. increased health care facilitiesReferences:1. https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/rohingya-refugees- crisis2. https://www.ausrelief.org/projects/rohingya-refugees- crisis-donate- now-to- help-rohingya-in-bangladesh?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIsY_Z9_Gs2AIVjw4rCh3pUwgoEAAYASAAEgLQnPD_BwE3. https://www.muslimglobalrelief.org/rohingya-crisis/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIsY_Z9_Gs2AIVjw4rCh3pUwgoEAAYAiAAEgJo8PD_BwE4. https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/bangladesh-rohingya- refugees-moved- kutupalong-camp-new- site5.https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/weeklysitrep04cxbban24nov.pdf

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