In pursuit of truth and knowledge – the

In research, it
is paramount to take ethical considerations into account.  Ethics refer to
standards for deciphering the difference between right and wrong.  In addition,
they outline the difference behaviours that are acceptable or unacceptable. 
 To that end, it is important to consider
why ethical considerations assume much important in research.  To begin
with, ethical standards safeguard the fabrication of data, thereby promulgating
the pursuit of truth and knowledge – the most important goal of research. 
In addition, one of the most significant ethical considerations in research study
entails the utilisation of human subjects.  In order to tackle these considerations,
most organisations have constituted an IRB (Institutional Review Board) which
refers to a panel of individuals who ensure that the human subjects in research
are protected. Meanwhile they also go a long way in making sure that human
rights are not breached at any stage.  They carry out a review of the
research methodology within grant proposals to ensure the utilisation of
ethical practices.  IRB also helps safeguard the institution as well as
the researchers against from the possibility of legal ramifications of any
behaviour which could be considered unethical. 

Instances of
these matters include informed consent and voluntary participation.  Following
such principles ensures that all human subjects participate on account of their
free will they re fully informed about the project’s procedures and any
potential hazards.  Ethical standards also protect the confidentiality and
anonymity of the subjects. 

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Protecting the
rights of institution: Because ethical considerations are so important,, many
professional agencies have adopted policies outlining ethical behaviour with a
view to guide researchers.  These codes tackle issues like honesty,
objectivity, social responsibility, consideration for intellectual property
rights, non-discrimination and confidentiality, among others.  These
policies and codes offer basic guidelines; however, researchers could be
confronted with issues which are not specifically outlined; this will necessitate
decision-by the researcher to avoid misconduct.  Scientific integrity of
research: Ethical behaviour is very important for the purpose of carrying out collaborative
work as it encourages a culture of accountability, trust, and mutual respect
amongst researchers.  All these facets become important when delving
deeper into issues pertaining to co-authorship, data sharing, and
confidentiality along with copyright guidelines.  Researchers would do
well to ensure compliance with ethical guidelines to get the public to support
their research.  The public must be assured that appropriate guidelines
are followed for conducting a research study, like animal welfare, human
rights, adhering to laws, health standards and safety, among others. 
Handling these ethical issues significantly affects the project’s integrity and
can determine whether it obtains funding or not. 

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