In produce the ulcer such as aspirin, ibuprofen,

In
medical terminology, stomach ulcers are acknowledged as a type of peptic ulcer disease,
which are painful open sores in the stomach lining or the duodenum of the small
intestine (Gholipour, B. 2017). The reason why stomach ulcers occur is because
the thick layer of mucus protecting the stomach from digestive juices are decreasing.
As a result, this allows digestive acids to eat away tissues in the stomach
lining which will cause an ulcer. There are many types of stomach ulcers that
are caused from a bacterial infection such as Helicobacter pylori bacteria or
H. pylori. This is the most common bacteria that causes ulcers in the stomach
however, many medications can play a key factor in helping the bacteria produce
the ulcer such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
medicines (Gholipour, B. 2017). Also, there are exactly three types of peptic
ulcers founded which are gastric ulcers that develop inside the stomach,
esophageal ulcers that develop inside the esophagus, and duodenal ulcers that
develop in the upper portion of the small intestine which is the duodenum.
Next, diagnosis and treatment will depend on the severity of the symptoms and
the ulcer; doctors most commonly diagnose ulcers using a method called
endoscopy. In detail, receiving an endoscopy involves taking a camera directly
into the stomach to look for forming ulcers that are visible and to detect if
the ulcers are not something else. This is not the only way to detect ulcers,
testing for stomach ulcers come with various steps and tests that must be
completed. It can include up to stool samples, blood samples, or even breath
tests to detect if the bacteria H. pylori are present. In occasions, X-rays
could be used to examine the ulcer with a liquid containing a metal called
barium being ingested for the procedure.

 The
most common symptom of peptic ulcers is having constant abdominal pains which
are combined with a burning sensation. These pains usually occur in the upper
middle part of the abdomen. Also, the pains can typically feel as if they’re
burning, and can be transferred to the back. It can be irritated when the
stomach is empty, and can be felt worse at night and in the early morning.
Another sign or symptom of early peptic ulcers is the constant feeling of
heartburns and indigestion. They are most painful when the stomach is empty, which
is the leading cause of lack of appetite and vomiting of the individual. Peptic
ulcers are also attributed to the sudden loss of body weight in gastric ulcer because
eating does not relieve the pain and could still worsen it. Yet, it will lead
to gaining weight because the person eats to relieve the pain without knowing
the depths of the symptoms (Lanza, Chan, and Quigley, 2009). It should be recognized
that symptoms like sudden increase in abdominal pains, vomiting of blood and
blood in stool are critical signs of chronic peptic ulcers. These signs are a
possibility that the ulcer has either broken a blood vessel or perforated the
stomach. Furthermore, this could be because of the blockage of food from moving
from the stomach into the duodenum and thus causing vomiting (The American
College of Gastroenterology, 2009).

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As stated, diagnosis and
treatment depend on the severity of the symptoms. The
treatment of peptic ulcers is mainly focused as a concern for eliminating the
underlying causes of the disease. This is because it is the wisest decision on
reducing chances of reccurrence of the condition. Therefore, that is why medication
is mainly given for eliminating the helicobacter pylori bacteria as well as
helping the body overcome the symptoms of peptic ulcers. On the other hand, if a
peptic ulcer is bleeding severely, Endoscopy might be needed to stop the
bleeding. If the bleeding cannot be stopped with Endoscopy, surgery might be
essential (Gholipour, B. 2015).  Finally,
apart from medication and surgery as ways of treating peptic ulcers, doctors will
commonly advice on self-control from risk factors by the patient that may be causing
symptoms of ulcers. These factors mainly include abuse of alcohol and cigarette
smoking, and as well as an unhealthy diet. It has been confirmed that taking
foods rich in fibers will greatly reduce the chances of sustaining peptic
ulcers therefore, it is ideal that focusing on the foods one consumes and
having a healthy diet is a significant way of preventing stomach ulcers to begin
with.

Likewise,
it has been proved that the prevalence of stomach ulcers in the US has increased,
and 10-15 percent of the human population are at risk of suffering from the stomach
ulcers at some point in their lifetime (Peptic Ulcer, 2017). Not only that, but
studies show that peptic ulcers are more common in men than in women; this is because
of the higher numbers of men engaged in alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking compared
to women however, this does not mean that stomach ulcers do not affect women at
all. In fact, stomach ulcers affect women more frequently (Peptic Ulcer, 2017).
Equally important, Peptic ulcers play an important role on the patient’s life.
The most acknowledged is that ulcers in most case, cannot be completely
treated. They are usually recurrent to alcohol abusers and smokers. Most people
with chronic ulcers experience intolerable pain and sleeplessness; this can have
a remarkable impact on the patient’s life, as their lifestyles may change. (Prevention
of NSAID-Related Ulcer Complications). If peptic ulcers are not to be treated at
an early stage, it can penetrate other internal body parts which can cause more
pain to the patient. It has also been discovered that peptic ulcers can lead to
perforation of the wall of the digestive system thus leading to the spilling of
digestive system contents into the abdominal cavity (Prevention of
NSAID-Related Ulcer Complications). As a result, stomach ulcers can lead to the
swelling of the abdominal wall hence making it possible for the free flow of
food in the digestion system. Lastly, it has been established that peptic
ulcers are a great contributing factor in causing peptic cancer. Due to this,
it is important that the person focuses on their symptoms and treat the problem
quickly.

In
conclusion, it should be acknowledged that prevention is better than cure. It
is mainly advised that people avoid risk factors which can lead to peptic
ulcers. In the past, it was a broad way to tell people with peptic ulcers to
change the way of their eating habits by consuming small amounts of meals, and
frequent amounts of bland foods. Also, people can prevent peptic ulcers by
avoiding alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs that can increase stomach acid secretion, and break
down the stomach’s protective barrier. Furthermore, people are advised to avoid
living in small places, avoid contaminated water or food, and stay strict of
precautions as well as daily personal hygiene (Peptic Ulcer Disease Prognosis and Prevention).

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