In a balance between comprehensiveness and efficiency. Thus,

conclusion, an electronic and standardised handover tool should not take the form
of a stand-alone initiative. It should form part of an overarching, trust-wide
policy of teamworking, based on appropriate and effective sharing and use of
patient care information. Nurses must ensure that the underlying structures and
processes are in place and that each one of them is totally supported in
achieving effective handover,

On the other hand, standardisation
of handover also plays a vital key to improvements in efficiency. A well-structured
report enables nurses to have a complete grasp of all information needed for
the patients’ continuity of care. Since continuity of information is crucial to
the safety of every patient, a detailed handover of clinical information is
more important than ever. Sufficient and relevant information should be
exchanged to ensure patient safety because the continuity of information
underlies the continuity of care. To ensure effective
continuity of information, the handover must achieve a balance between comprehensiveness
and efficiency. Thus, an understanding of the concept of the system and
personal continuity should be supported by education and training. Nurses must
take relevant efforts to develop a sense of responsibility to educate and train
themselves to further their knowledge and to establish measures to support the
delivery of safe and quality care.

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In response to this, electronic handover tools
emerged which are now utilized in various healthcare settings. The above
studies revealed that this modern technological advancement has improved
continuity of care, reduced adverse patient events, enhanced flow of
information, and reduced time for handover. Nurses, who directly provide care
to patients, are therefore required to ensure that they have a full
understanding of the tool as a basis for safe handover. While it is true that technology has penetrated a number of healthcare institutions
and has resulted to some major improvements, nurses must still keep in mind that
decisions to implement these tools must be carefully observed. They must base the implementation on demonstrable
safety benefits or other advantages to clinical practice.

The changing patterns of the nurses’ work
have created a need to improve handover across all settings. Ensuring effective
transfer of responsibility and information is a vital component of a good
patient care. Thus, there is a growing need to enhance handover tools and
systems in order to maintain high standards of patient care.

Handover of care is one of the most perilous responsibilities
of a nurse, and failure to carry it out properly can be a major contributory
factor to subsequent error and harm. Inadequate handover of
clinical information carries significant risks not only for the healthcare
team, for the organisations but most importantly for the patients. A good
handover is at the heart of an e?ective health care system and stands alongside
patient clinical documentation, letters of referral and transfer and discharge
documentation. Together, these make up the links in the chain of continuity of
patient care.  Handover requires systemic
and individual attention and needs education, support, facilitation and
sustained e?ort to ensure it maintains a position of importance in an already
full working day.

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