Do?ancan a different time period and the authors

Do?ancan Kösegil

140216082

Asist. Prof. Dr. Papatya Alkan Genca

ING 415

12 January 2017

 

Dystopian Narratives as Represented in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go and

Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World

 

Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go, in its narrowest sense, is about Kathy H, who at 31 is looking back on her curious English boarding-school days at a place called Hailsham. Kathy’s world seems so logical, the surface of her language so steady and normal for the reader, that it takes the reader a little time to discover the disturbing facts of her life. Never Let Me Go takes place in almost exactly a normal vision of a world in 1990s England where human cloning is a succeeded practice. Yet at the very beginning, there is no implication about the facts of the society which she’s in because of the narration. On the other hand, Aldoux Huxley’s Brave New World begins in a strictly controlled society. The reader joins the story as a group of young students are receiving a factory tour in some kind of center from the center’s director, whose name is The Director. It’s all a little creepy. The Director explains to the students how they produce humans through bottles and then how they arrange them to believe certain moral “truths.” According to this operation, each person exists to serve the community. These two novels were written in a different time period and the authors all use different aspects of their societies as backgrounds. But dystopias, in spite of being fiction, are directly connected to the author’s present time in terms of society. This paper, in its second chapter, gives historical background information providing definitions for different dystopian concepts and the origin of the term dystopia. Also, it gives information about how different dystopian systems work, the characterization of dystopian protagonists and how the society versus the individual generally works throughout the narrations. Both texts portray how technological advancements can have ethical, social, and psychological consequences which are not necessarily beneficial for the human condition. Their approaches to these issues are quite different. Although according to some critics Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go can be seen as an example of utopian literature, this paper discusses it as a dystopian literature because of its narration and dystopian features within itself. This paper focuses on Kazuro Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World argues their approaches on the concept of dehumanization, how these texts criticize the science’s constructivity on ethical, social and psychological causes and effects which are not beneficial for the human condition through representations and perspectives of individuals. These will be discussed under these topics highlighted as dystopian features in the both texts in eight: a) Totalitarian climate, b) Religion, c) Science, d) Culture and language, e) History and memory, f) Surveillance, g) Sexuality and woman and h) Reproduction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract

I. Introduction

  II. Historical Context

II. I. Idea of Dystopia and its origins

a) John Stuart Mill 

II. II.  Antonym of Dystopia: Utopia

a) Thomas More

            b) Francis Bacon

III. Dystopia: Theoretical Framework

IV. Dystopia in Literature

            IV. I. Typical Dystopian Elements and Characteristics in Literature

IV. II. Types of Dystopia in Literature

a) Corporate

b) Bureaucratic

c) Technological

d) Philosophical

e) Religious

V. Visions of Dystopia in Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go and Huxley’s Brave New World

V. I. Dystopian Features

a) Totalitarian Climate: Control and Resistance in Dystopian Fiction

b) Religion: Idea of Fate and Free Will

c) Science

            d) Culture and Language

e) History and Memory

            f) Surveillance

            g) Sexuality and Women

            h) Reproduction

            V. Conclusion

 

 

 

           

 

 

 

 

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