Cognitive a reward is considered “extrinsic, it must

Cognitive Evaluation Theory “addresses how external factors such as reward, competition, feedback and choice are interpreted in sport and exercise domains”  (Frederick-Recascino & Schuster-Smith, 2003, p. 242). It is also meant to show how an individual will have less intrinsic motivation when extrinsic rewards were given. In other words, “intrinsically motivated individuals attributed the cause of their behavior to internal needs and performed those behaviors for intrinsic rewards and satisfaction” (Rummel & Feinberg, 1988, p. 147). So by changing the locus of causality from intrinsic to extrinsic, it can show the difference in the person’s motivation. In saying that, having extrinsic motivation can potentially create intrinsic motivation in athletes.Rewards give an athlete a feeling of confidence, motivation and determination. Extrinsic motivation is used by external influences and the athlete would get rewards that avoid any kind of punishment, where the outcome is really focused on the performance. When a reward is considered “extrinsic, it must be perceived by the individual as controlling their behavior, regardless of who is actually administering it”(Rummel & Feinberg, 1988, p. 150). Rewards to use as extrinsic for an athlete could be to control the behavior, so if this was a high school or college athlete, it would be to perform well to keep a scholarship. It is considered extrinsic because someone other than the athlete (external) is controlling the reward. The athlete may or may not like it, maybe has no pleasure in the sport even. Another type of external reward is a trophy or medal.Intrinsic motivation happens internally and this motivation gives the athlete a sense of satisfaction and happiness of the sport and is typically used in terms of improvement. Intrinsic rewards come from the athlete (internal) wanting to satisfy themselves in their performance and improvement. Rewards I would use to enhance intrinsic motivation and help with the pleasure of the sport would be the coach or even the athlete telling him or her that they are capable and did well. By having the internal self-talk of working on a problem and finding the solution, the athlete will feel a sense of being challenged and motivated, helping the performance. Athletes with intrinsic motivation have an interest in what they are doing and actually enjoy doing it, with no need of material reward.Token rewards can be defined as “small prizes that have little or no actual worth but symbolize achievement; they can have great value for athletes” (Karageorghis, Terry & Dickenson, 2011, p.52). A token reward is typically an extrinsic reward as it is a material thing to show the athlete they are worth something from playing the sport. An example that comes to mind is having the athlete’s name on a trophy or plaque for their participation or good work on a certain skill. Token rewards are given to athletes to show they had great effort and can be a great motivator. This concept can be applied to learning and performance because with token rewards, athletes can get acknowledged for doing something which shows their performance and effort is improving, and that the coaches notice they are working hard. This shows that “improved performance is closely related to increased effort” (Karageorghis, Terry & Dickenson, 2011, p.53). The more an athlete is rewarded, the more motivation he or she will get, which can improve performance.

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