Chapter sugar, cotton, textiles, and other slave made

Chapter 18, pages 541-543 describes the wretched events of the Atlantic slave trade. The Atlantic slave trade is described as the forced migration of Africans from Africa (most slaves were taken from the coast of Africa), across the Atlantic ocean to the Western Hemisphere.The Africans were forced into labor and  were made to work on plantations. The Atlantic slave trade lasted from the 17th century up until about the 19th century. About 12.5 million Africans and more were displaced during this time. (pg. 541)The treatment of the slaves was atrocious from the time they were captured to the time they arrived to the West. A majority of the slaves perished on the way to the West. Most slaves upon arrival were sick and weak and were prone to diseases. (pg. 542)This event was also known as The Middle Passage.  With the four continents surrounding the Atlantic Ocean; the the transatlantic slave trade quickly became an essential component for Atlantic economy. The transatlantic slave trade began to increase around the 1700s because of the heightened demands for sugar, cotton, textiles, and other slave made products resulting from an upsurge of trading. The transatlantic slave trade continued to rise as the Europeans bought and shipped slaves from about 1750s to the 1800s. The increase of the slave trade was the result of the increase in plantation agriculture. (pg.541) Once the slaves arrived on the Western Hemisphere, the slaves were split up to work in different plantation zones. A majority of slaves (about 45%) ended up in Brazil, while another majority of slaves(about another 45%) ended up on the Caribbean colonies, leaving North America receiving about 3% percent of slaves from Africa. You can see a visual representation of this on pg.54. Going into the eighteenth century with slave trade already in a heightened state, Europeans began to develop a new process of trading in Africa that would not cost them so much. The population of Africa began to gradually decrease, while Europe’s steadily increased.  Although most of the Europeans didn’t observe the slave trade directly, Britain began work on the abolishment in the 1780s once the horrors of slavery came to light. Slave trade was abolished in the 1807 in Britain, but slavery was sustained  for decades in the British colonies and the Americas. (pg. 543)

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