As sexuality, it was then followed by the

As society became more open about gender and sexuality, it was then followed by the implementation of sex-ed in schools. Whether given sex education or not, sex is a natural part of life and can happen with or without it. Between 2009 and 2010, 38% of youth aged 15-19 in Ontario, reported having intercourse (www.niagararegion.ça). Research shows that puberty usually starts around 11 years of age for girls, and 12 years of age for boys. However children are starting to enter puberty much earlier; girls can start at 6 or 7 years of age, while boys can start around 9 years of age, so it is essential that they understand what they are going through (familydoctor.org). Society is always changing and implementing sex-ed in schools has its importance although not everyone may agree. Follert, Jillian. “Sex education in Ontario schools dates back more than 100 years.” DurhamRegion.com, 16 Nov. 2015, www.durhamregion.com/community-story/5646753-sex-education-in-ontario-schools-dates-back-more-than-100-years/. THE IMPORTANCE OF SEX EDUCATION Educators feel that sex education is important, as it makes students mindful about what they may choose to do one day. In fact, many studies show that a student who did not receive sex education in school tends to have sexual intercourse earlier than a student who had received sex education (stayteen.org). A few issues that adolescents in today’s society face are unwanted teen pregnancies, miscarriages, abortions, and the spread of STDs, just because they were never taught or told about such risks (www.onlymyhealth.com). Sex-ed teaches students about the negatives and how they can avoid such possible outcomes, if they ever do decide to have intercourse. Not only that, it also teaches them about gender identity, family responsibility, body images, sexual expression, intimacy, and the marriage relationship (www.onlymyhealth.com). Generally when many think of sex education they only think of the aspects involving intercourse and the possible consequences of it. Disregarding that in fact sex-ed teaches students to understand their own identity and their relationships with their friends and loved ones. However, some parents still do not want their children to learn such things in school, and they have the option to withdraw them out of the sex-ed curriculum, if they would like to do so. In conclusion, educators feel that students should be receiving sex education, however many parents think the opposite and are able to make the decision of whether their children should or should not be apart of sex education.”Anti Pregnancy Poster.” Redirect Notice, www.google.ca/url?sa=i=j==s=images==rja=8=0ahUKEwjv-KjUrdHYAhXNu1MKHR-oDLAQjRwIBw=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pinterest.com%2Fpin%2F509258670334802748%2F=AOvVaw1kD1JKpJ1cy7DOOdevvyM0=1515809747552491. PARENTAL PERCEPTION Parents are concerned about the safety of their children and they believe that having them learn about such things is not good for them. The National Post had conducted a poll in which they found results being that 1 in 6 Ontario parents have said that they either pulled their children out of school or have considered to do so because they are so against the new sex-ed curriculum (poll.forumresearch.com). They do not want their children to be learning about topics such as puberty at such young ages; many have formed parent groups that are specifically protesting against sex education. When it was first brought to attention that the curriculum would be changing many parents had kept their children home for a week in May 2015, to protest against it; saying how the students and parents are on strike (www.facebook.com). There were many protests done by other anti sex-ed groups as well. Many protests occurred in front of Queen’s Park, and it consisted largely of parents who were not consulted properly before the curriculum was officially changed (nationalpost.com). They just want what is right and best for their children and it is their decision to make as they can withdraw their children from sex-ed at any point. Parents seem to be the most opposing group when it comes to the topic of sex education, although educators stand their ground on the importance for students having the sex-ed curriculum.”More Than a Third Disapprove of Sex Ed Curriculum.” The Forum Poll™, poll.forumresearch.com/post/2527/more-than-a-third-disapprove-of-sex-ed-curriculum/.  THE SEX-ED CURRICULUM The sex-ed curriculum had not been changed since 1998 and hadn’t been updated until 2015.  Through grades 1-12, students are taught about sex education, and based on their grade they learn about certain concepts. Starting in grade 1, students learn to name their body parts, learn about their senses and how they function, and good hygiene habits. Grade 2 they learn the simple stages of human development and their oral health; then in grade 3 they learn about healthy/unhealthy relationships with others, physical and emotional development, visible and invisible differences that make everyone different, and respecting others differences. Grade 4, they learn about the changes that occur during puberty along with the emotional and social impacts they can have, and how personal hygiene also changes. In grade 5, students learn about the body during puberty, the reproductive system, stresses related to puberty as well as how to manage it, and the process of menstruation and sperm production. Grade 6, they learn about personal identity, physical/social/emotional changes that can occur during puberty, and stereotypes and how to respond to them. Grade 7 is when they learn about sexual activity in a healthy relationship, STIs, how to prevent them, and factors when making sexual health decisions. In grade 8, they learn about gender identity, expression, and sexual orientation, and sources of support for sexual health. Now in grades 9-12, moving from elementary school to high school, students take their learning from grades 1-8 and simply add onto that. In grade 9 it is mandatory to take gym where students learn about preventing STIs and unintended pregnancies, how to build healthy relationships and how things like the media can affect someone’s understanding of themself (www.ontario.ça). In grades 10-12, gym is not mandatory, but students are still able to take it and the curriculum is increasing their understanding of concepts learned through grades 1-9. The curriculum is specifically established for students; as they get older and their minds develop, they start to ask questions about their bodies, which is why the curriculum begins with the basics in grade 1-3, slowly getting into concepts like puberty when it is around the time for them to enter it. “Thousands of Kids Stay Home In Protest against Ontario’s Sex-Ed*.” Hwaairfan’s Blog, 7 May 2015, hwaairfan.wordpress.com/2015/05/08/thousands-of-kids-stay-home-in-protest-against-ontarios-sex-ed/. POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT In the article “GTA community members call for referendum on sex education at Brampton town hall meeting,” published on March 12, 2015, it was for the continuing discussion about the new sex education curriculum in Ontario brought by Premier Kathleen Wynne. This meeting was organized by Peel’s Home Owners Welfare Association (HOWA), which had many community members, retired teachers, and parents who were concerned, come together to talk about the province’s sex-ed curriculum. Mississauga-Erindale MPP Harinder Takhar and Brampton-Springdale MPP Harinder Malhi, also attended the meeting where the group discussed the option of getting a referendum (www.bramptonguardian.com). Jotvinder Sodhi is the president of HOWA, and he worked out with all the other people present, that tens of thousands of parents would receive “opt-out” letters which would be giving them the choice of whether to remove their children from sex-ed classes. The parents would also then be told to give those letters to their children’s school principles and their MPPs (www.bramptonguardian.com). The two MPPs present also seemed to agree with the community and their thoughts on sex education being implemented in schools. The Members of Provincial Parliament also have their views on sex-ed and many may support Kathleen Wynne’s decision, there are still the few who do not and agree with the parental community.Frisque, Graeme. “Sex-Ed curriculum protests follow Wynne to Mississauga.” Mississauga.com, 27 Mar. 2015, www.mississauga.com/news-story/5528434-sex-ed-curriculum-protests-follow-wynne-to-mississauga/.CULTURAL/RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES ON SEX-ED Many religious groups say that the sex education curriculum does not fit in with their values (www.cbc.ca). Different religions have different ideals about these concepts; at the protests that occurred at Queen’s Park, Amina Yonis, who is a mother of seven had said how the same-sex marriage, conflicts with her beliefs as a Muslim (www.cbc.ca). In her place she does not want her children to learn about those topics when their religious beliefs say otherwise. Muslims are not the only group that deal with such conflicts regarding their religion, there are many others which also have very similar ideals. The perspectives of their faith are very important which can cause people to put be very careful about how they act and what they do, so if something is against their beliefs they will not do it. There are some organizations like the Religious Institute which, along with other issues, look into sexxuality education and religious beliefs. They make sure that sexual education is provided for those who seek it but they still keep intact the religious foundations and make sure they teach everything they need too (religiousinstitute.org). Organizations like the Religious Institute make it easier for people to receive sex education without worrying about it conflicting with their religious beliefs. Religion may be a cause for people to be against sex-ed, but not everyone in a certain religion will have the same thoughts about issues such as sex education.”Home Page.” Religious Institute, religiousinstitute.org/. IN SUPPORT OF SEX-ED Although many Muslim parents in particular seem to be against sex education being taught to their children; Ayesha Jabbar, who is a Muslim teacher says “most Muslims are supportive of the curriculum, think sex-ed is important,” (www.cbc.ca). In support of Ontario’s sex-ed curriculum, there are new coalition voices. Muslims for Ontario’s Health and Physical Education Curriculum (MOHPEC) is an organization that supports Kathleen Wynne’s decision with the new sex-ed curriculum as they think it is important. Rabea Murtaza is one of the founders of this organization, and she says “this curriculum is an opportunity for Muslim families to have mutual, two-way dialogue about values, relationships, marriage, and sexuality. This kind of dialogue is sorely needed in our families,” (www.cbc.ca). The overall organization is devoted to making schools safer places for young people to honour all aspects of their racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious, sexual, gendered, class, status, and family backgrounds and identities (www.facebook.com). The organization’s support has made many Muslim parents upset, but MOHPEC is addressing the fact that it is important and think that it is beneficial for these families. MOHPEC is not the only organization that is in support of sex education, but while there may be more in favour there will also be the ones against which continues to create the debate of whether sex education should be implemented or not in schools.Heartfelt. “What does the Research Say? That Muslim Youth Need Sex Education.” Heartfelt, 1 Dec. 2015, www.patheos.com/blogs/heartfelt/2015/11/what-does-the-research-say-that-muslim-youth-need-sex-education/. WORKS CITEDCsanady, Ashley. “One in six Ontario parents considered pulling kids from school over new sex-Ed curriculum: poll.” National Post, 3 June 2016, nationalpost.com/news/politics/one-in-six-ontario-parents-considered-pulling-kids-from-school-over-new-sex-ed-curriculum-poll.Dasgupta, Aditi. “Importance of sex education for youngsters.” Onlymyhealth, 17 June 2015, www.onlymyhealth.com/importance-sex-education-among-youth-1301382451.”GTA community members call for referendum on sex education at Brampton town hall meeting.” BramptonGuardian.com, 22 Oct. 2015, www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/6005053-gta-community-members-call-for-referendum-on-sex-education-at-brampton-town-hall-meeting/.”JavaScript is required to view this site.” Ontario.ca, www.ontario.ca/page/sex-education-ontario#section-3.”More Than a Third Disapprove of Sex Ed Curriculum.” The Forum Poll™, poll.forumresearch.com/post/2527/more-than-a-third-disapprove-of-sex-ed-curriculum/.”Muslims for Ontario’s Health and Physical Education Curriculum.” Facebook – Log In or Sign Up, www.facebook.com/MuslimsforOntariosNewHealthPhysCurriculum/.News, CBC. “Coalition comprising more than 140 groups announces support for sex-Ed curriculum.” CBCnews, CBC/Radio Canada, 23 Sept. 2015, www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/new-coalition-voices-support-for-ontario-s-sex-ed-curriculum-1.3241086.”Parents & Students on strike: one week no school.” Facebook – Log In or Sign Up, www.facebook.com/pg/parentsstrike/about/?ref=page_internal.Press, The Canadian. “Thousands gather at Ontario Legislature to protest sex-Ed curriculum plan.” CBCnews, CBC/Radio Canada, 14 Apr. 2015, www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/sex-ed-curriculum-changes-protested-by-thousands-at-queen-s-park-1.3032264.”Sexual Behaviours – Statistics in Niagara.” Sexual Behaviours – Statistics – Niagara Region, Ontario, 15 Sept. 2017, www.niagararegion.ca/health/statistics/behaviour/sexual.aspx.”Sexuality Education.” Religious Institute, religiousinstitute.org/issue/sexuality-education/.staff, familydoctor.org editorial. “Puberty: Stages & Signs for Boys & Girls.” Familydoctor.org, 8 May 2017, familydoctor.org/for-parents-what-to-expect-when-your-child-goes-through-puberty/. “Why Sex Education Is Important.” Stay Teen, stayteen.org/sex-ed/article/why-sex-education-important.

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