All access to enough high-quality food to lead

All SSA countries are threatened by land degradation. It is noteworthy that 46 out of 50 of them have ratified the convention on biological diversity. Protected areas provide both local and international benefits—especially when policies and strategies involve communities surrounding the protected areas in managing them. For example, seven community-based protected areas management in Uganda had significantly lower bush burning, logging, and encroachment than nine other protected areas without local community involvement1. Food and Agriculture OrganizationThe Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger2. The goal of FAO is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. With over 194 member states, FAO works in over 130 countries worldwide. People in FAO believe that everyone can play a part in ending hunger.  Strategy (2008-2018) to combat land degradation and desertification UNCCD adopted a 10-year Strategy (2008-2018) to combat land degradation and desertification. By bringing together at the same time countries affected in whole or in part by desertification and land degradation, and developed countries, the UNCCD has mobilised the necessary political will and funding3. TerrAfricaTerrAfrica was established in 2005 in order to support and strengthen the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Action Plan of the Environment. It endorses the principles of country-level partnership, knowledge management and harmonized, aligned and scaled up investment. It’s mission is to create an enabling environment for mainstreaming and financing effective, nationally driven, sustainable land management strategies4.  The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable DevelopmentIt recognizes the importance of the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems and of reversing land degradation and achieving Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) by the year 2030. The objective of LDN is to ensure that the productive land resources we depend on for ecosystem services (water, food, rainfall, etc.) remain at least stable or are being regenerated. Two joint actions need to be taken to make land degradation neutrality happen: avoid further land degradation and recover already degraded land5. The new UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework is the most comprehensive global commitment to achieve LDN and it is consistent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.  The Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative European Commission launched it in 2012 to strengthen nutrition and secure livelihoods of vulnerable households, improve sustainable agricultural and food productivity, and build resilience of communities to climate change and land degradation in West Africa and the Sahel region6. The Global Environment Facility The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems7.  Since then, the GEF has provided over $17 billion in grants and mobilized an additional $88 billion in financing for more than 4.000 projects in 170 countries.  Today, the GEF is an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations and the private sector that addresses global environmental issues. The Global Soil PartnershipIt was establishment by the FAO in 2012 and since then it has been strongly supported by the European Union. This partnership aims to improve global soil governance to achieve healthy and productive soils for a food secure world, as well as to sustain other essential ecosystem services8. The Global Water PartnershipIt was founded in 1996 with the support of the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. It is an international network created to foster an integrated approach to water resources management. Its vision is for a water secure world. The network offers practical advice for sustainably managing water resources9. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development It is an economic development program of the African Union. It was adopted at the 37th session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in July 2001 in Zambia. It aims to provide an overarching vision and policy framework for accelerating economic co-operation and integration among African countries10.  The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol on Shared Watercourse SystemsIt calls for equity and shared responsibility among riparian states in the utilization and management of watercourse systems. Member states are obliged to strive for a higher standard of living for their peoples, and conservation and enhancement of the environment to promote sustainable development. Signed in 1992 by eight of the 12-member. It’s protocol revised in 200011.  The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme is Africa’s policy framework for agricultural transformation, wealth creation, food security and nutrition, economic growth and prosperity for all. In Mozambique, in 2003, the African Union Summit made the first declaration on this program as an integral part of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development12. The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 In 2010 Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the 2011–2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. It’s a 10-year framework for action by all countries and stakeholders to safeguard biodiversity and the benefits it provides to people13. United Nations Convention to Combat DesertificationEstablished in 1994, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)14 is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. The Convention addresses the dry lands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found. The Convention’s 196 parties work together to improve the living conditions for people in dry lands, to maintain and restore land and soil productivity, and to mitigate the effects of drought. The UNCCD is committed to a bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people. Moreover, the UNCCD facilitates cooperation between developed and developing countries, particularly around knowledge and technology transfer.  United Nations Development ProgrammeThe United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UNs’ global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. It provides expert advice, training and grants support to developing countries, with emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries. It promotes technical and investment cooperation among nations15. World Health Organization World Health Organization (WHO) is committed to engage actively in the United Nations Framework on Climate Change, with member states, and relevant partners to promote effective climate and health policies which promote health protection16. WHO develops discussion papers, guidance documents, and recommendations to improve health protection in international health and climate change negotiations and agreements. 

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