1.Introduction 13% in 2016 (WHO) . James Chapman’s

1.Introduction

Nowadays , the life is modern and developing, unhealthy food
is sold universally such as fast food,Sausage ,energy dinks ,etc …   so that makes people have more and more
problems about health. One of those is obesity which gets becoming popular in
many countries specially developed countries. Obesity is related to numerous diseases such as heart
disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, cholesterol and other diseases.
Moreover, overweight people have difficulties in studying and participating in
social activities . excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2016, about 1.9
billion people in the age 18 and over are overweight, included 38% of men
and  approximately 40% of women. Overall, the figure of  obese adult in the wholeworld was about 13%
in 2016 (WHO) . James
Chapman’s survey carried out that currently, more than 400000 people die each
year in Europe associated with obesity (Chapman 2014). From the figures
it is apparent that obesity results in a negative impact on health. This
research paper, with the purpose to help reduce obesity proportion will discuss the causes of
esiesity and figure out the solutions to this serious issue.

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2.1 Definition and Background

Obese and obesity are described by means of the WHO as
bizarre or immoderate fat accumulation that provides a chance to an people
fitness. Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of weight proportionate to peak to
categorise overweight and obesity in adults.It’s miles described as someone’s
weight in kilograms divided with the aid of the rectangular of his height in
meters (kg/m2) ; a BMI of 25 to 29.nine is taken into consideration overweight,
whilst some thing over 30 is overweight according to the World Health Organization.
Overweight will lead to numerous disease such as diabetes,
heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer (
women:  breast cancer,
colon, gallbladder, and uterus; men:  colon cancer and prostate
cancers)…(Standf ) There are some facts about obesity. In the
United States America , the figure of adults who are obese or overweight
witnessed more than approximately 66.67 percent in 2017. Obesity which causes
more than 2.8 million people passed away each year is one of top five resulting
in the death in the whole world (Kimberly Holland, 2017).

     2.2.
Causes of obesity

  2.2.1. Unbalanced diets 

      One of the main
reasons leading to overweight is unbalanced diets, that meaning the meals have low nutritional value. In
recent years, life is faster and people tend to be busier; so that they eat far
more fast food  than in the past, which
means that they may increase their total calories consumed. Nowadays, children
do not like eating vegetables and fruits or drinking fresh juices, neither do
adults. They eat fast food and drink more soft drinks because of its
convenience – typically
needing little or no preparation, which they can buy easily everywhere with a
cheap price and totally enjoy meal at the same time during working or studying. 

The unbalanced meals always provide people more calories
than usual. In fact, the average physically active man needs only about 2,500
calories a whole day to maintain a healthy weight, and the average physically
active woman needs about 2,000 calories for one day. For example, according to
a journalist of CNN named Caleb Hellerman, approximately 25% of American get
200 or more calories from energy drinks such as coke, soda and juice.
Surprisingly, a 567-gram soda includes 227 calories, more than 10% of total
calories a woman needs one day (Hellerman 2013).

      2.2.2. Lack of
physical activities

One think about of BBC News by Adam Brimelow appeared that
in spite of the fact that there are no signs of activeness impacts on weight,
children with intemperate weight did less work out than peers (Brimelow 2010).
In 2010, WHO detailed that roughly 23% of individuals matured 18 and over were
lacking work out (WHO 2010). Many individuals are not exceptionally physically
dynamic. The reason makes individuals to be dormant is the progression of
innovation and the need of parks, inadequately wear offices or discuss
contamination for individuals to unwind and do more open air exercises after
working and examining. Close to that, the improvement of TV sets, not as it
were children but moreover develop individuals like observing TV to unwind and broaden
intellect; thus, they spend less time playing sports and going exterior. In the
same way, computers are getting to be supportive gadgets that staff can total
their works with the as it were prerequisite is sitting before the screens.

People who are inactive are more likely to gain weight
because they do not burn the calories that they take in from food and drinks.

Thus, the rate of inactive people may increases and brings
about the growth of obesity.

  2.1.3. Other reason

One thing we should know about the reason which results in
obesity is lack of sleep . People nowadays are engaged in their work and
disrespect their sleeps. Normally, they think that shortage of sleep has no
influence on their weight. But Jason Koebler – an author of USNews emphasized
that sleep loss leads people to expend more energy because they need more to
keep their bodies awake. (Koebler 2013 – cited Kenneth Wright). For example, one study of
teenagers showed that with each hour of sleep lost, the odds of becoming obese
went up. So lack of sleep increases the risk of obesity in other age groups as
well.

People
who sleep fewer hours also seem to prefer eating foods that are higher in
calories and carbohydrates, which can lead to overeating, weight gain, and
obesity  

 2.3. Solutions of
obesity       

      2.3.1. Having
balanced diets

There are bunch arrangements to unravel weight but one of
the fundamental causes of weight indulging. Consequently, the to begin with
arrangement given here is having a solid eat less. As the figures specified in
2.1.1, the sum of calories ingested human require in a day is diverse; in especially,
the sum of calories that men devour each day is roughly 1800 calories, while
ladies require atleast 1200 calories (Morris 2015). Having a sound eat less not
as it were makes a difference control weight but moreover makes a difference
individuals battle this infection. A considerable dinner comprises of incline
protein, natural products, vegetables, entirety grains makes a difference keep
your resistant framework and stomach related framework running (Truex 2015).
Leslie Truex said eating a adjusted count calories nourishment makes a
difference the body work at ideal levels. Snacks give a part of vitality but
frequently have a part of fat. Sugar and refined carbohydrates can lead to
tired stagnation (Leslie Truex 2015). Be that as it may, a sensible count
calories ought to come with strength.. If people do not desert their habit to
set new eating habits they will return to their old  and the weight will come back. In the same
way, to improve overweight, having a reasonable diet and limited snacks along with
perseverance is essential.

2.3.2.Doing more physical
activities                 

Having a great eat less is not sufficient to decay
overweight. To accomplish tall execution a slim down levelheadedness combined
with valuable exercises. Betty Holt has composed an article in executing
physical movement is regularly utilized as strolling, running, cycling and
swimming (100 calories burned identical to approximately 10gram of fat to walk
20 minutes, 12 minutes of swimming or tennis, 8 minutes cycling or running)
(Betty Holt 2014). Be seen from there, but as it were with straightforward
operation but devours a huge sum vitality of the body. In expansion, work out
discharges a few chemicals into the brain that offer assistance diminish push,
uneasiness and discouragement. Advance work out increments your sentiments of
certainty, and moves forward temperament and thought forms (Otto 2011). On the
other hands, in later year, for burning calories individuals can do a few basic
works out at domestic based on video direct online in 5-30 minutes depend on
each unit. This slant is increasingly prevalent since its gives the same
successful as preparing in the gym for an hour.

2.3.3. Other solution

Sleep
helps maintain a healthy balance of the hormones that make you feel hungry
(ghrelin) or full (leptin). When people do not get enough sleep, the level of
ghrelin goes up and the level of leptin goes down. This makes people feel
hungrier than when they well-rested. So that, a healthy timetable is important,
not only balance diet but also time for sleep. In fact, people need to sleep at
least 7 hours per day to have a full energy for working or studying whole day.

Sleeping
is a vital part of the foundation for good health, well-being throughout your
lifetime, and also helps to prevent many diseases, including diseases related
to obesity.

3. Conclusion

The above analysis has shown that being obese is an considerable
issue that we should care more. It has developed rapidly in recent years and
affected a lot on people, who live negatively. Some obese people blamed their
weight problems for genetics, but that is not always the case. There are
several subjective reasons bring about excessive weight such as diets, physical
activities. Therefore, obesity is a preventable disease. If you are at risk or
overweight, you should adjust your eating habits ( e.g : adding your meal
healthy food but including fewer calories) or increase physical activities
daily. To have attractive body and better health, let’s do it right now.

 

 

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